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Punjab is number 1 in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country

Punjab is number 1 in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country
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Punjab is number 1 in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country

Kanwar Inder Singh/ royalpatiala.in

“109 blocks out of 138 blocks in Punjab are over exploited “as per the Central Ground Water Board report, which periodically assess the ground water resources pan-India in collaboration with States/UTs. Punjab tops in a Pan India survey, with 79 percent of its blocks surveyed are over exploited.

Punjab is followed by Delhi with 65 per cent and Rajasthan with 63 per cent and Haryana 61 per cent of the assessment units were being over-exploited. While over-exploitation of groundwater is the highest in this region, there are many states and union territories where there is no over-exploitation.

The extraction of groundwater is increasing in the agrarian state, government data has revealed. A major reason for over-exploitation of groundwater is the largescale cultivation of paddy in Punjab, which is water-intensive and the dependence on groundwater over canal or river water in many parts of the state.

As per the data tabled in the Lok Sabha, out of the total 6881 assessment units (Block/ Taluks/ Mandals/ watersheds/ Firkas) in the country, 1186 units (17 percent of the units) in 17 States/UTs have been categorized as ‘Over-exploited’ where the Annual Ground Water Extraction is more than Annual Extractable Ground Water Resource.

“Water being a State subject, initiatives on water management including conservation and water harvesting in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility, “said the report.

Punjab is number 1in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country. In addition, a number of States have done notable work in the field of water conservation/harvesting. Of these, mention can be made of ‘Mukhyamantri Jal Swavlamban Abhiyan’ in Rajasthan, ‘Jalyukt Shibar’ in Maharashtra, ‘Sujalam Sufalam Abhiyan’ in Gujarat, ‘Mission Kakatiya’ in Telangana, Neeru Chettu’ in Andhra Pradesh, Jal Jeevan Hariyali in Bihar, ‘Jal Hi Jeevan’ in Haryana among others.

Punjab is number 1in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country-Photo courtesy-Internet

Annexure I

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) & (b) of Unstarred Question No. 3840 to be answered in Lok Sabha on 18.03.2021 regarding “Water Stressed Districts”.

 

CATEGORIZATION OF BLOCKS/ MANDALS/ TALUKAS IN INDIA (2017)

S.No. States / Union Territories Total No. of Assessed Units Safe Semi-Critical Critical Over-Exploited Saline
Nos. % Nos. % Nos. % Nos. % Nos. %
  States                      
1 Andhra Pradesh 670 501 75 60 9 24 4 45 7 40 6
2 Arunachal Pradesh 11 11 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Assam 28 28 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Bihar 534 432 81 72 13 18 3 12 2 0 0
5 Chattisgarh 146 122 84 22 15 2 1 0 0 0 0
6 Delhi 34 3 9 7 21 2 6 22 65 0 0
7 Goa 12 12 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
8 Gujarat 248 194 78 11 4 5 2 25 10 13 5
9 Haryana 128 26 20 21 16 3 2 78 61 0 0
10 Himachal Pradesh 8 3 38 1 13 0 0 4 50 0 0
11 Jammu & Kashmir 22 22 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
12 Jharkhand 260 245 94 10 4 2 1 3 1 0 0
13 Karnataka 176 97 55 26 15 8 5 45 26 0 0
14 Kerala 152 119 78 30 20 2 1 1 1 0 0
15 Madhya Pradesh 313 240 77 44 14 7 2 22 7 0 0
16 Maharashtra 353 271 77 61 17 9 3 11 3 1 0
17 Manipur 9 9 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
18 Meghalaya 11 11 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
19 Mizoram 26 26 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
20 Nagaland 11 11 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
21 Odisha 314 303 96 5 2 0 0 0 0 6 2
22 Punjab 138 22 16 5 4 2 1 109 79 0 0
23 Rajasthan 295 45 15 29 10 33 11 185 63 3 1
24 Sikkim 4 4 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
25 Tamil Nadu 1166 427 37 163 14 79 7 462 40 35 3
26 Telangana 584 278 48 169 29 67 11 70 12 0 0
27 Tripura 59 59 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28 Uttar Pradesh* 830 540 65 151 18 48 6 91 11 0 0
29 Uttarakhand 18 13 72 5 28 0 0 0 0 0 0
30 West Bengal ** 268 191 71 76 28 1 0 0 0 0 0
  Total States 6828 4265 62 968 14 312 5 1185 17 98 1
  Union Territories                      
1 Andaman & Nicobar 36 35 97 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3
2 Chandigarh 1 0 0 1 100 0 0 0 0 0 0
3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1 1 100 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4 Daman & Diu 2 1 50 0 0 1 50 0 0 0 0
5 Lakshdweep 9 6 67 3 33 0 0 0 0 0 0
6 Puducherry 4 2 50 0 0 0 0 1 25 1 25
  Total UTs 53 45 85 4 8 1 2 1 2 2 4
  Grand Total 6881 4310 63 972 14 313 5 1186 17 100 1
Note                      
Blocks– Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Kerala, M.P., Manipur, Mizoram, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal
Taluks -Karnataka, Goa, Gujarat, Maharashtra
Mandals – Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Districts/Valley– Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland
Islands – Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands
Firka-Tamil Nadu
Region – Puducherry
UT – Chandigarh, Dadar & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu
Tehsil-NCT Delhi
*Uttar Pradesh: There are total 820 block and 10 Cities
**The Ground Water resources assessment as on 2013 has been considered for the state of West Bengal

Punjab is number 1 in over-exploitation of groundwater in the country.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Jal Shakti & Social Justice and Empowerment Rattan Lal Kataria in Lok Sabha yesterday.

March 19,2021